高雄县| 宁武| 康平| 新宾| 当涂| 新干| 甘孜| 茂县| 保山| 浏阳| 万安| 宝山| 长垣| 富县| 罗江| 南票| 畹町| 雷山| 革吉| 新巴尔虎右旗| 汪清| 化隆| 巴里坤| 海口| 呈贡| 三水| 金州| 楚雄| 满洲里| 固始| 黔西| 平坝| 长宁| 钟山| 白银| 昌图| 苍山| 定南| 新巴尔虎左旗| 紫阳| 潮安| 隰县| 郏县| 丹徒| 通山| 莎车| 长阳| 陇西| 广德| 罗平| 台安| 金湖| 三河| 安泽| 丰城| 达孜| 辽阳市| 余江| 漳平| 白银| 崇礼| 云县| 循化| 岐山| 凌海| 吴桥| 克什克腾旗| 突泉| 广河| 博野| 涟源| 伊川| 高要| 平舆| 大宁| 兰州| 望城| 成武| 额尔古纳| 凤县| 广南| 安岳| 房县| 东港| 巴中| 义县| 绥江| 赵县| 温江| 来安| 元谋| 黄岩| 正阳| 麻城| 垫江| 孟州| 张家界| 那坡| 扎兰屯| 集贤| 鄄城| 醴陵| 寿阳| 巴林左旗| 呼图壁| 太原| 札达| 应城| 新乐| 新竹县| 溆浦| 宁津| 乐都| 大悟| 许昌| 祁连| 高青| 铜陵市| 景谷| 天峻| 高青| 泗洪| 丰宁| 隆尧| 乌马河| 吉隆| 内乡| 麻江| 汤阴| 武夷山| 砀山| 枞阳| 临洮| 酒泉| 嘉善| 沅江| 松原| 临朐| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 洛扎| 苍溪| 陆河| 武胜| 绩溪| 荣成| 漳平| 抚远| 开县| 南川| 武汉| 淄川| 耒阳| 开江| 灵宝| 南投| 连云区| 黔西| 克什克腾旗| 太白| 会宁| 玉龙| 山阳| 高明| 南靖| 凤翔| 屏东| 永新| 连平| 北碚| 柳林| 杨凌| 宝兴| 繁昌| 涞源| 琼海| 湘乡| 宣城| 凤城| 恩平| 翠峦| 大埔| 阿坝| 永靖| 西峡| 泸县| 包头| 畹町| 金寨| 安远| 南平| 北流| 平远| 乌当| 道孚| 晋中| 铜陵县| 九江县| 水城| 云林| 岱岳| 澄海| 黑山| 龙南| 临西| 集安| 杭州| 大邑| 西峡| 晋州| 涿鹿| 五莲| 金口河| 防城港| 新绛| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 南安| 钟祥| 崇明| 户县| 莘县| 乡宁| 当雄| 醴陵| 商南| 咸丰| 头屯河| 镇康| 万山| 青县| 南沙岛| 孟连| 惠水| 定边| 安徽| 石家庄| 平邑| 大足| 玛多| 慈利| 南投| 安县| 高邑| 全州| 索县| 诸城| 壶关| 建始| 涞水| 凤山| 乐昌| 宽城| 衡东| 保德| 池州| 同心| 庐江| 肥西| 本溪市| 礼县| 皮山| 从江| 如皋| 眉山|

宜君:“五个注重”培养追赶超越的骨干

2019-09-21 04:33 来源:中国网

  宜君:“五个注重”培养追赶超越的骨干

  AerialphototakenonMay4,2018showssceneryoftheFushanBayinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit.[Photo/Xinhua]QINGDAO-DazzlingagainstthecityskylineofQingdao,fireworkslitupthefacesofguestswhotraveledacrossthevastEurasiancontinenttothecoastoftheYellowSeaforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,sexpansioninJune2017whenIndiaandPakistanjoinedasfullmembers.","saidPresidentXiJinpingatawelcomedinnerSaturdayevening.",letushoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyageforourorganization."TheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,wasstatedintheCharteroftheSCO,acomprehensiveregionalorganizationfoundedin2001byChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,t,whichisattendedbyleadersofotherSCOmemberstatesandfourobserverstates,(BFA),XiaddressedtheopeningceremonyoftheannualconferenceoftheBFA,attendedbymorethan2,,Xiunveilednewmeasuresforexpandingreformandopeningupandheralded"anewphaseofopeningup",Shandong,thehomeprovinceofConfucius."AnintegralpartofChinesecivilization,Confucianismbelievesthatajustcauseshouldbepursuedforthecommongoodandchampionsharmony,unityandasharedcommunityforallnations,"Xitoldtheguests."ItsemphasisonunityandharmonyhasmuchincommonwiththeShanghaiSpirit."Apoliceofficerthrowsacaseofdrugsintoafurnaceduringapublicanti-drugcampaigninUrumqi,XinjiangUygurautonomousregion,/CHINANEWSSERVICEChinaofferstechnicaltrainingtoSCOmemberstostoptraffickersChinahaspledgedtoprovidemoretrainingandtechnicalsupporttomembernationsoftheShastoimprovetheircapabilitiesininvestigatingandfightingcrime,accordingtoWeiXiaojun,,hesaid,Chinawillalsoprovidetechnicalandequipmentsupportwhileworkingtofindalternativecropsorsourcesofincomefortheregion,akeyingredientinopiatessuchasmorphine,heroinandcodeine."Drugsleadtomanyviolentcrimes,includingmurderandkidnapping,whichseriouslythreatensregionalsecurityandsocialstability,"Weisaid."Wetakeazero-toleranceattitudetowarddrugs."Inrecentyears,narcoticsfromtheworldsthreemajordrug-producingareas-theGoldenTriangle,comprisingpartsofThailand,LaosandMyanmar;theGoldenCrescent,whichincludespartsofCentralandSouthAsia;andSouthAmerica-lmethamphetamine-alsoknownasice-foundinChinacomesfromtheGoldenTriangle,althoughauthoritiessaanebeforebeingtraffickedtoEuropeandtheUnitedStates,,policeacrossChinahavehandled860,000drug-relatedcases,,,,an,hesaid,whilecriminalscannowfindclientsonline,buychemicalsforthemanufactureofnarcotics,andplaceorderstohavedrugsdeliveredusinginternationallogisticsservices."Evenworse,illegaldrugmanufacturingandtraffickinghaveintertwinedwithtransnationalorganizedcrime,theillegalflowofcapital,corruptionandterrorism,posingaseriousthreattoregionalpeaceandstability,"thestrongdemandfordrugsaswellasenhancecooperationoneducationandpreventionmeasurestocurbtherisingnumberofaddicts.

EmployeesattachtheexhaustsystemforaVolkswagenAGPassatsaloonontheproductionlineinsidetheVWfactoryinEmden,Germany.[Photo/Agencies]SANFRANCISCO-"Extremeprotectionism"couldunderminefreetradeandrunscontrarytotheadvanceofglobalization,"producedaneraofunprecedented,worldwideeconomicgrowth,"saidChrisLytle,executivedirectorofthePortofOaklandintheUSwesternstateofCalifornia,callingfreetrade"thebackboneofworldwideeconomicgrowth."Hemadetheremarkswhenaddressinganaudienceof5,000graduatesofCentralWashingtonUniversityatKentinWashingtonstateovertheweekend,,saying"globalizationisthestoryofthe21stcentury."Hecalledonthegraduatestoexploreopportunitiesworldwideastheyembarkoncareers,andtohelpcombatthespreadofprotectionistmeasuresthatcouldjeopardizetheirfuture."Dontdisengagefromtheworld-dontbepartoftheillogicalrushtodrawthedrapesandturnoutthelights,""whatsrightforaworldstrugglingtocometogether...notpullapart."ThePortofOaklandoverseestheOaklandseaport,Oaklandinternationalairport,izedcargoshipmentsintheSanFranciscoBay.JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  KhaltmaaBattulga,Mongolianpresident[Photo/ChinaDaily]ChinastandsreadytoworkwithMongoliatodevelopexchangesandcooperationbasedontheprincipleofmutualtrustandwin-wincooperation,andtostriveforanewvistaofpartnershipbetweenthetwocountries,Presideandrivers,XisaidthsattentiontotheChina-Mongoliarelationship,sayingheiswillingtowoperationfromastrategicheightandlong-termperspective,aswellasrememberthemutualunderstandingandrespectofeachothernicationsas,usemajorprojectcooperationtoguideandpromotebilateralpragmaticcooperation,andstepupthesynergyofMongolias"developmentpath",XisaidChneonconstructionofaneconomiccorridorandpushforprogressofthetrilateralcooperation,lateralties,sayingdevelopingfriendlyrelationsandpragmaticcooperationwithChinaisthepriorityofMongolia,Battulgasaid,addingthathiscountrywillproperlydealwithTaiwanandTibet-relatedaffairs,whichMongoliaconsidersChinasdomesticaffairs.ArtistsfromKyrgyzstanstageaperformanceatadanceshowheldduringanSCOmembersartfestivalinBeijingonJune1.[Photo/Xinhua]Womensgreaterinvolvementininnovationandentrepreneurshipcanhelpboostsustainabledevelopmentandreducedirepoverty,accordingtotheoutcomedocumentofthefirstShanghaiCooperationOrganizationForumonWomen,,tobepresentedtotheSCOSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,saidtheforumparticipantsbelievedwomenshouldhavebetteraccesstoqualityeducationandproductiveresources,,heldonMay17,hadthethemeof"poolingthestrengthofwomenforcommondevelopment"andattractedmorethan200participants,"povertyreduction,jobcreation,inclusiveeconomicgrowthandsustainabledevelopment".Italsonotedwomensimportanceinenvironmentalconservation,andcalledforSCOcountriestoraisewomensvoicesineco-governanceandsexchangesandcooperationwithintheSCOframework,diversifymeansofcooperationandenhancewomensabilitytoparticipateinlocalandglobalsocioeconomicdevelopment,,vice-presidentoftheAll-ChinaWomensFederation,saidwomenareagreatforcewhosegenderdividendisfarfrombeingfullyrealized."Weneedtodoourbesttocleartheobstaclesthatsuppresswomenspotential,"shesaid."Weneedtosupporttheirinnovationanddevelopment,andliberatetheirproductivitysoastohelpthemmaketheircontributionsineveryfieldandfacilitatedevelopmentintheircountries."Womenaccountfor43percentofChinasworkforce,thefederationsaid,while55pe53percentofpostgraduatestudents,,($)inventurecapitalloanshavebeengrantedtowomensince2009.

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.PFChangs,anupscaleAmericanChineserestaurantthatisoftenfeaturedinthehitcomedysitcomTheBigBangTheory,,theArizona-headquarteredrestaurantchainhasmorethan470outletsaroundtheworld,,whichrepresentsaninvestmentofabout30millionyuan($),islocatedinashoppingmallalongEastNanjingRoad."ManyshoppingmallsinShanghaiareinterestedandwanttotalktous,"saidRyanShen,thestoremanagerofitsShanghaibranch,onMay22."Thelocationisveryimportanttoarestaurantandmoreoutletsmayopeninashorttime,",sisthat,unlikeotherChineserestaurantswherelocalshosttheiroverseasfriends,itiswlikevegetablesaresourcedlocally."Forourinternationaloutlets,wehavemorefoodsafetySOPsthanintheUS,especiallyinShanghai,"nesepalate.

PresidentXiJinpingdeliversakeynotespeechatthetheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongprovince,onJune10,2018.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]TofurthercarryforwardtheShanghaiSpiritPresidentXicalledforfurthercarryingforwardtheShanghaiSpirittosurmountdifficulties,defuserisksandmeetchallenges."WeshouldrejecttheColdWarmentalityandconfrontationbetweenblocksandopposethepracticesofseekingabsolutesecurityofoneselfattheexpenseofthesecurityofothercountries,soastoachievesecurityofall,"hegemonyandpowerpoliticsstillpersistintheworld,thegr,,tradeprotectionismandbacklashagainstglobalizationaretakingnewforms,hesaidthepursuitofcooperationformutualbenefitrepresentsasurgingtrendinthisglobalvillagewherecountriesawillsetupa30-billion-yuan($)equivalentspeciallendingfacilitywithintheframeworkoftheInter-BankConsortiumoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization.

  PresidentXiJinpingsaidonSundaythatbroadconsensushadbeenreachedatthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitasleadersendtyonLong-TermGood-Neighborliness,FriendshipandCooperationoftheSCOMemberStates,acooperationprogramtocombatterrorism,separatismandextremism,ityandenvironmentalprotection,andamemorandoperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,customs,,Xisaidatamediabriefingthatallpartieshadagreedtoincreaseunityandcooperationanddeepenthepartnershipthatadvocatespeaceandreform,equaltreatment,openness,,deputysecretary-generaloftheSCO,saidtheQingdammit,PotapenkosaidtheSCOSecretariathadalsoheededmanygoodproposalsfromtheleadersofmembercountries."Inthenextstep,itisourjobtoseethemthrough,",,comprehensive,nceandjointactions."Withtheglobaleconomyfacedwithdifficultiesandsetbacksinitsrecoveryandwithfrequentfront-burnerissuesregionallyandinternationally,nocountrycancopealoneorstandunscathed,"fWTOrules,consolidatetheopen,inclusive,transparent,nondiscriminatoryandrules-basedmultilateraltradesystem,ntstrategieswillalsobereinforced,andcooperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,investment,finance,connectivityandagriculturewillbeenhancedtopromotetradeandinvestmentfacilitationandinjectnewmomentumintotheworldeconomy,ilateralcooperationinareasincludingculture,education,scienceandtechnology,environmentalprotection,health,tourism,youth,mediaandsphangeandcooperationfortheSCO,andallpartiesarewillingtodeepencooperationwithobserverstateanddialoguepartners,aswellasdialogueandexchangeswithUNandotherinternationalorregionalorganizations.

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

  []Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,

  Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.ThecommemorationofIndonesias20thyearofReformasiinMaythisyea(GE14)heldonMay9,Malaysiansvotedthereform-orientedPakatanHarapan(PH)coalitionintopower,replacingthedecades-longruleofBarisanNasional(BN).ThishistoricdevelopmenproducedbyPHsvictory,thereturnofTunMahathirMohammadtotopleadershipandMalaysiaBarutobolsathiraspopularandsuccessfulleaders,theportrayalofPHselectionwinasasignofasimilargovernmentchangeinIndonesiaandthecalltoabandonidentitypolitics,,theaftermathofMalaysiaselectionpresentsastrongpoliticalnarrativeofadoliticaldiscourse,,especially,needfreshammunitiontosustaintheirbarrageonJokowisadministrationuntilAprilnextyear,uptregimeanditssubsequentembarkationatdemocratizationbothattainedwithoutbloodsheegimeandembracedReformasi20yearsago,theexperienceofMalaysiadeservesbetterappreciationfromusRegardless,theentryofMalaysianpoliticalexperienceandideasintoournationalconversationisakintofreshbreezeinanenvironmentwher,MalaysiasrecentdevelopmentshowsanecessitytoescapethetrapofourethnocentrismandlearnfromourclosestNusantaraneighbor,despiteasedonsimplisticreasoningthatromanticizesdemocratizationandthedifficultiesofpoliticaltransition,butigntoembarkontheirrespectivegovernmentreform,theprior,MahathirsPHadministrationhasplacedprioritiesinrootingoutcorruptfigures,relaxingthepublicsphereandreforminggovernmentinstitutions,tshelm,aimednotonlyateliminatingtheillnessfesteringunderthepreviousregime,,Indonesiahastac,theReformasi-eragovernmentsboreevengreaterresponsibilities,whichincludereturningthemilitarytothebarracks,revampingthefinancialsectorinthewakeofAsianfinancialcrisis,ensuringpoliticalpartipiretoMalaysiasmodelofreformisillogical,uisnotthechangingofgovernments,isandgreedhasnoplaceinapolitically-awakenedsociety,onewhereparrruptgovernmentwasofhigherprioritythanvotingforpeopleofsimilarethnicityandreligion,ediscussingGE14,kersandofficials,therehavealsobeenallegedattemptstostifletheCorruptionEradicationCommission(KPK),corruptionandpoliticalpowergohandinhand,tyofgovernmentinstitutions,butalsochannelingpoliticalsupportforanti-corruptiththeelitesandthegrassrootsforanti-corruptiondrivespearheadedbyMalaysiasAnti-CorruptionCommission(SPRM).WithinamonthafterGE14,theinvestigationintothe1MalaysiaDevelopmentBerhad(1MDB)scandalwasreopened,corruptofficialswithchequeredrecordseiasfightagainstembezzlement,briberyandabuseofpower,n,theconstantfragilityofourruleoflawandinstitutionswouldalwayscontributetothedeficitoftrusttowardsthegovernmentoftheday,regardlessofwhobon,sincethisfightrequirestheconvergenceorryforwardthisgoodfight,on,thederpartstostageasimilarmovement20yearsago,IndonesianscouldaspiretoemulatetheirMalaysianneighborsdeterminationtoestingdevelopmentalmostonadailybasis,bitsofit,weIndonesiansshouldtrytolookpastwhatourpoliticiansaretellingusaboutMalaysiaspoliticalexperienceandderiveessentiallessonsthatcouldcontributetoournation-andstate-buildingprocess.***:Theopinionsexpressedinthisarticlearet:

  PeoplegathertowatchLaurenceBrahm[]“streeteconomics”moreimportantthantheory,IfoundlifeinTianjin’inese,–someti,,,,thentheprovincialpartysecretary,“householdresponsibilitysystem.”Thislittleexperiment,allowingonesmallgrouptherighttogrowtheirownriceandcabbage,,WanListoodattheheightofhispower,asChairmanoftheNationalPeople’,inoneofthosevastdrearyroomswithoverstuffedsofasanddustyredcurtains,hehadoneburningquestion:howtotransformChina’sdebt-riddenrustystate-ownedenterprisesintoglobalconglomeratesthatcouldcompetewithAmericancorporationsforinternationalmarketsFiveyearslaterIwouldbeonthegroundinAnhuiprovince,wherehisownreformsfirstbegan,workingonablueprintforthe“corporatization”ofChina’,whatthenseemedlikethefar-flungdreamofanoldrevol’searlyexperimentof“freemarket.”ButwhatdiditreallymeanAfewboldpeasantsbroughtvegetablesandpeanutsfoldedinroughcloth—,,“marketeconomy.”ThefreemarketwasonthefringesofChina’,,wheresomuchinthewayofresources—fromenergytofood—waswasted,Iwasbothshockedandgettingeducated!

  []Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,

  KhaltmaaBattulga,Mongolianpresident[Photo/ChinaDaily]ChinastandsreadytoworkwithMongoliatodevelopexchangesandcooperationbasedontheprincipleofmutualtrustandwin-wincooperation,andtostriveforanewvistaofpartnershipbetweenthetwocountries,Presideandrivers,XisaidthsattentiontotheChina-Mongoliarelationship,sayingheiswillingtowoperationfromastrategicheightandlong-termperspective,aswellasrememberthemutualunderstandingandrespectofeachothernicationsas,usemajorprojectcooperationtoguideandpromotebilateralpragmaticcooperation,andstepupthesynergyofMongolias"developmentpath",XisaidChneonconstructionofaneconomiccorridorandpushforprogressofthetrilateralcooperation,lateralties,sayingdevelopingfriendlyrelationsandpragmaticcooperationwithChinaisthepriorityofMongolia,Battulgasaid,addingthathiscountrywillproperlydealwithTaiwanandTibet-relatedaffairs,whichMongoliaconsidersChinasdomesticaffairs.[Photo/VCG]ChinawillevaluatetheinfluenceandreservetherighttotakecorrespondingmeasuresaftertheUnitedStatesannouncedrestrictionmeasuresonChineseinvestmentsandexportstoChina,theMinistryofCommercesaidThursday."WehavenotedthesemeasuresthattheUSplanstointroduce,"theministrysspokesmanGaoFengsaidinremarksataregularnewsconference."ChinabelievesthatthesemeasuresdonotconformtothebasicprinciplesandspiritoftheWorldTradeOrganization."TheministryscommentscameafterWhiteHousesaidTuesdaythatitwouldimplementspecificinvestmentrestrictionsandtightenexportcontrolsforChinesepeopleandbusinesses"relatedtotheacquisitionofindustriallysignificanttechnology"ttotariffsandproposedinvestmentrestrictionsbyJune15andJune30respectively,itsaid.

  

  宜君:“五个注重”培养追赶超越的骨干

 
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PeoplegathertowatchLaurenceBrahm[]“streeteconomics”moreimportantthantheory,IfoundlifeinTianjin’inese,–someti,,,,thentheprovincialpartysecretary,“householdresponsibilitysystem.”Thislittleexperiment,allowingonesmallgrouptherighttogrowtheirownriceandcabbage,,WanListoodattheheightofhispower,asChairmanoftheNationalPeople’,inoneofthosevastdrearyroomswithoverstuffedsofasanddustyredcurtains,hehadoneburningquestion:howtotransformChina’sdebt-riddenrustystate-ownedenterprisesintoglobalconglomeratesthatcouldcompetewithAmericancorporationsforinternationalmarketsFiveyearslaterIwouldbeonthegroundinAnhuiprovince,wherehisownreformsfirstbegan,workingonablueprintforthe“corporatization”ofChina’,whatthenseemedlikethefar-flungdreamofanoldrevol’searlyexperimentof“freemarket.”ButwhatdiditreallymeanAfewboldpeasantsbroughtvegetablesandpeanutsfoldedinroughcloth—,,“marketeconomy.”ThefreemarketwasonthefringesofChina’,,wheresomuchinthewayofresources—fromenergytofood—waswasted,Iwasbothshockedandgettingeducated!

  13世纪、327米深、300多公里长、2000多个洞室。。。。。。。一连串的数字,讲述的都是位于波兰克拉科夫附近的维耶利奇卡盐矿(Wieliczka Salt Minev)。

  在波兰人心目中,有两者最能代表他们的国家,一是那位英年早逝的天才钢琴家萧邦,再就是维耶利奇卡。这座于1978年被列为世界文化遗产的盐矿,是由总长达300公里的许多地下通道组成的,向游客参观开放的仅为10公里。它们连接着2000多个挖掘而成的洞室,这些洞室遍布在地下9-327米之间,内有教堂、地下湖泊。

  买完门票,排队依次跟着英文导游,徒步走下300多级木质台阶,直到黑暗的地心,然后才到达维耶利奇卡盐矿正式的“大门”。

  维耶利奇卡盐矿的“大门”在地下100米的深处,这是盐矿的第一层,而据说它一共九层,最深处达327米,而它迷宫一样的巷道总长300多公里,曲折蜿蜒,犹如一座丰富的地下城,令人惊叹。

  盐矿是波兰古老的地下奇观,也是人类从中世纪开始创造的地下文明。自公元1044年偶然发现有盐开始,这里便开始了旷日持久的开采,至今仍未完全停工。如今,盐矿真实地保留了当年的面貌,包括采矿的工具、场景还原,以便游客能真切地感受旷工们的工作与生活。

  矿道宽敞而不压抑,没有想象中的阴冷潮湿。沿着矿道往前走,来到一个高挑宽敞的大厅,这里有几个雕像,讲述着盐矿的历史与故事。

  在古代波兰地区,盐可以作为一种支付手段。最初,盐是通过搜集盐卤水并加热蒸发制得的。究竟几时开始开采岩盐并不清楚。很有可能是在打深盐井时发现了大量的岩盐,接着使用原始工具的开采就开始了。

  当时波兰的统治者马上意识到了盐的价值,这也是为何盐的开采和分配都被垄断的原因。在14世纪时,盐产出了国家超过30%的收入。君主利用这些收入赏赐家眷、亲属以及其他各种贵族。盐矿的收入支撑了朝廷以及其他国内重要人物,以及支付了保护商路的城堡。

  1368年,卡西米尔大帝(CasimirtheGreat)放弃了对盐矿的专有权,颁布了一道被后来被称为卡西米尔法令(StatutKazimierzowski)的法令。这份文件规定了个人与各种工作团体的权利和税,以及作账目的规范。成立皇家委员会以检查地下的挖掘和建筑,核查账目,还有发出指导和指令。

  在16世纪,维耶利奇卡盐矿成为当时欧洲最为重要的商业之一。

  盐雕王室对盐矿的控制在1772年第一次瓜分波兰时终结。奥地利的统治不仅在组织和管理上有所改变,而且引入了新的采矿方法。在奥地利统治时期,一座电厂建成并为盐矿供电,修通到克拉科夫的铁路。地下作业也变得更为自动化,使用了风钻。一台磨盐机和一台蒸汽动力起重机也投入使用。

  1826年到1846年矿中的盐水被用作温泉疗养。在1950年盐矿的一部分被辟作博物馆对外开放。1958年,盐矿的温泉疗养被重新恢复。1996年,盐矿停产,盐层已被几乎挖尽。

  随着矿道的深入,几乎就能闻到盐的味道,慢慢的,我们伸手所触、视野所及,全是盐,一种熟知的元素开始在我们面前展现出它陌生的原始面貌。白色菜花状的结晶体、黑色的透明岩石、碧绿的地下湖泊,甚至与拱顶的积木,或者铁器工具发生的各种稀奇古怪的变异体,它们都是盐的最生动的形态。

  而这里我们所看到的盐,在那个时代作为一种天然的食物防腐剂和调味品,一度贵如黄金。据说,在14世纪时,这个盐矿产出了波兰王国超过30%的收入。甚至有人说,中世纪波兰王国在欧洲的崛起完全是拜维耶利奇卡所赐。

  维耶利奇卡盐矿地下一层,实际上为最早开采的矿区,它几乎持续了两三个世纪,而每经过一个矿区,盐岩层上都刻有确凿的年代与纪事。讲解人员说:“维利奇卡盐矿之所以出名,是因为其纯度达到95%以上,它是迄今为止世界上发现纯度最高的盐矿之一,在中世纪,很多欧洲贵族甚至直接食用这里的矿盐。”

  维耶利奇卡盐矿尤令人叹为观止的是这里还建有地下博物馆和许多专用洞室,如供患呼吸疾病的人休养的地方。

  婉转曲折的地下一层还展示了几个规模不大的盐矿博物馆,里面有中世纪矿工劳动时的情景和当时宗教人物的零星盐雕,同时这一层还复原了中世纪采盐的面貌,充满智慧的人畜动力装置,利用滑轮的双向性原理,既能将矿井中的盐吊上来,又能将上面的积木吊到矿井中。

  从地下一层转入地下二层或三层,便可见到更多规模不等的地下教堂,利用盐岩雕刻的圣母玛利亚像或背负十字架的耶稣像,凝聚了白色结晶体的圣洁,仪态神圣而庄严。在深入地下100米或更深处,这可以说是人类伟大的信仰奇观,也是伟大的建筑奇观。

  讲解人员说,在中世纪采盐的矿工们的社会地位很高,但是开采地下盐矿所付出的代价亦是惊人的。16至17世纪,盐矿平均每年都有10%的矿工死于塌方和瓦斯爆炸,所以他们必须去寻求“神”的庇佑。所以,这些宗教神像是矿工们为企求平安而设的。每当发生坍塌时,他们就会躲到这里,神明总会保佑他们化险为夷。

  盐矿中共有40个教堂,最深的一个在盐矿的7层、地下270米处,至今没有向游人开放。盐矿中最壮观的宗教场所,是地下三层101.4米处的圣金加教堂(St。 Kinga’s Chapel)。教堂高达12米,长54米,最宽的地方有18米。这么一座庞大的地下宫殿,居然是3名矿工用了67年时间开凿的。

  这座著名的地下教堂的天花板上装有精美的枝形吊灯,这些吊灯也都是用盐的结晶体做的,如宝石般晶莹剔透;同样,教堂的地板上也是用透明的盐岩雕刻的带有花纹的方砖。

  它始建于1896年,经过几代艺术家和能工巧匠的努力,直到1963年才大功告成。金卡公主的全身雕像立于主祭坛的正中,周围是与之有关的人物雕塑。

  那些没有任何支撑的雕像、浮雕和树枝形的装饰灯赢得了全世界的赞誉,凡是亲身游历过维耶利奇卡盐矿的人,都会感受到那种美到令人愕然的境界。

  教堂内有祭坛和诸多圣像,而它们均为盐雕而成,其中一尊圣母像高度超过六尺,在灯光下圣洁而庄严。

  而墙壁上刻有浮雕,内容大多为圣经故事,其中有一幅为达·芬奇的名画《最后的晚餐》,耶稣和12门徒的经典形象,在盐的语言世界里更是精妙无比。

  而最有意思的是,这里的每一件雕塑作品都不是雕刻完工后再安置上去的,而是它们自始至终都与整个盐矿连在一起,是整个维利奇卡盐矿从未分开过的一部分。

  盐矿不仅可供游人参观,还可供某些疾病患者来此治疗。1964年在盐矿第5开采区211米深处开设了研究过敏性疾病的疗养所,1974年又在矿井下建成了一座疗养院,供呼吸道疾病患者疗养治病。

  在这里,艺术天赋极高的矿工们和艺术家合作,巧妙地利用大小不同的空间,凿出一座座风格迥异的建筑,雕塑出栩栩如生的人物,把美丽的神话传说和故事,呈现在游人面前。

  在矿井下的纪念品小店中,最有特色的是盐制台灯和盐做的手镯。盐灯多为粉色、蓝色和白色,都是盐自身的色彩。多数盐灯都是在简单的木灯托上罩一个漂亮的盐制灯罩。这种台灯据说可以保证至少使用10年。

  除了随处可见的教堂、圣坛等盐雕外,我们还在迷宫般的地下世界看到了美丽的盐湖,它碧绿如一汪温泉。据说,盐矿开采几个世纪以来原本地下没有水,但后来波兰被奥匈帝国等瓜分后,外来统治者占据了盐矿,但他们由于没按原来的采掘技术挖盐,盐矿不小心渗透进水了,后来形成了盐湖。但是光线太暗,实在无法拍摄。

  维耶利奇卡盐矿可谓是一个奇迹,一个人类挑战自然的奇迹,一个人类文明的奇迹。它的完美程度,几乎让所有来过这里的游客惊叹不已。它是盐的结晶,更是艺术与信仰的结晶。我们没有更多的时间在盐矿里停留,但在那里听了一曲肖邦,我们知道,它又是波兰这个古老国度的另一个骄傲。

  地点:波兰 克拉科夫

  时间:2019-09-21

  器材:Canon EOS 5D Mark II EF 24-70mm f/2.8L USM

  摄影:冰沁于心

  作者简介

  冰沁于心,旅游名博,行程规划师、旅游体验师、酒店体验师,微博签约自媒体,自驾达人(自驾过5大洲,里程超过25万公里)。2016十大人气最高旅游网红、十大原创旅游视频大V。

  中国新闻摄影学会会员、中国长城学会会员,Gettyimages、新华社签约摄影师,京内网特约摄影师,供稿于《环球时报》《环球人文地理》《摄影与摄像》《食品指南》《今日中国》等多家媒体。

  爱旅行,好摄影,喜分享;用照片记录精彩,以文字反应生活。带上老婆游天下,形影不离夫妻档。五年来,我们牵手走过7大洲37个国家(地区)的368个城市。

  新浪微博: 冰沁于心

  冰沁于心

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